Introduction of literature review

You can find out how many times an article has been cited on Google Scholar—high citation counts mean the article has been influential in the field.

Introduction of literature review

Select appropriate source material: Use a variety of academic or scholarly sources that are relevant, current and authoritative. For each publication, ask yourself: What question or problem is the author addressing? Literature reviews The structure of a literature review A literature review should be structured like any other essay: it should have an introduction, a middle or main body, and a conclusion.

how to start a literature review

Does it confirm, add to, or challenge established knowledge? You will have to evaluate which sources are most valuable and relevant to your questions. How authoritative and credible is this source?

Literature review discussion example

The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: an introduction, a body and a conclusion. Are there weaknesses that need to be addressed? Gaps: what is missing from the literature? Read the literature Critically read each source, look for the arguments presented rather than for facts. Although you can mention other studies, they should not be the focus. What are the major relationships, trends and patterns? A literature review is a critical analysis of published sources, or literature, on a particular topic.

Are there any gaps in the literature that require further study? The example combines the thematic and chronological approaches. Chronological The simplest approach is to trace the development of the topic over time.

Introduction of literature review in research example

Second, instead of citing the original article, they cite a related article that mentions the original article. An extensive review of relevant material will include — books, journal articles, reports, government documents, conference proceedings and web resources. This section of the literature review focuses on the theme of wilderness, while the paragraph itself is organized chronologically. Does it confirm, add to, or challenge established knowledge? It is not a list like an annotated bibliography in which a summary of each source is listed one by one. If the same authors, books or articles keep appearing in your reading, make sure to seek them out. What are the major relationships, trends and patterns? Lastly, some authors cite previous work solely based on the abstract, without even going through the entire paper. Try to analyze patterns, turning points and key debates that have shaped the direction of the field. What are the key theories, models and methods? Thematic If you have found some recurring central themes, you can organize your literature review into subsections that address different aspects of the topic. However, if you choose this strategy, be careful to avoid simply listing and summarizing sources in order. Structure of a literature review Introduction Your introduction should give an outline of why you are writing a review, and why the topic is important the scope of the review — what aspects of the topic will be discussed the criteria used for your literature selection e. You will have to evaluate which sources are most valuable and relevant to your questions.

It identifies and summarizes all the relevant research conducted on a particular topic. Methodological If you draw your sources from different disciplines or fields that use a variety of research methodsyou might want to compare the results and conclusions that emerge from different approaches.

literature review table template

You can use our free citation software to quickly create correct and consistent APA citations or MLA format citations. Consider using a table, matrix or concept map to identify how the different sources relate to each other.

Literature review outline

Identify experts It is important to identify credible researchers who have knowledge in a given field, in order to seek their help if you get stuck with certain aspects of your research. Debates, conflicts and contradictions: where do sources disagree? Recent work has begun to challenge this paradigm and argue for more varied approaches to understanding the socio-political relations between nation and nature. Purpose of a Literature Review Identifies gaps in current knowledge Helps you to avoid reinventing the wheel by discovering the research already conducted on a topic Sets the background on what has been explored on a topic so far Increases your breadth of knowledge in your area of research Helps you identify seminal works in your area Allows you to provide the intellectual context for your work and position your research with other, related research Provides you with opposing viewpoints Helps you to discover research methods which may be applicable to your work. The scope of your review will depend on your topic and discipline: in the sciences you usually only review recent literature, but in the humanities you might take a long historical perspective for example, to trace how a concept has changed in meaning over time. Collecting resources will help you determine the important questions that need to be addressed. Although you can mention other studies, they should not be the focus. This helps describe and also advance your ideas.
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Literature Review Tips for the Introduction and Discussion Sections