Cartagena protocol on biosafety to the

In either case, the importing country must decide whether to allow the import, with or without conditions or deny it within days. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation.

International biosafety protocol

The Protocol addresses the safe transfer, handling and use of LMOs that may have an adverse effect on biodiversity, taking into account human health, with a specific focus on transboundary movements. The Protocol does not require segregation of bulk shipments of commodities that may contain living modified organisms. It was named in honor of Cartagena, Colombia, where negotiations were expected to conclude in February The ExCOP requested the CBD Executive Secretary to start preparatory work on the development of a BCH, and established a regionally balanced roster of experts to be nominated by governments to provide advice and support upon request. What does the Biosafety Protocol do? The Protocol entered into force on 11 September , 90 days from the submission of the 50th instrument of ratification. This is addressed by experts in other international fora. The CartO aims at fill in the gaps in the current legislation while facilitating the work of the operators involved in the transboundary movements of GMOs in offering them a unique tool. WGLR At its first meeting May , Montreal, Canada , the Working Group heard presentations on scientific analysis and risk assessment, and state responsibility and international liability; and expanded options, approaches and issues for further consideration in elaborating international rules and procedures on liability and redress. Agreement was also reached on more detailed documentation requirements for LMOs destined for direct introduction into the environment. A developing country Party or a Party with an economy in transition may, in the absence of a domestic regulatory framework, declare through the Biosafety Clearing-House that its decisions on the first import of LMOs-FFP will be taken in accordance with risk assessment as set out in the Protocol and time frame for decision-making. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation.

On damage, delegates agreed on one consolidated definition of damage to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

Furthermore, the shipment of LMOs subject to transboundary movement must be accompanied by appropriate documentation specifying, among other things, identity of LMOs and contact point for further information.

cartagena protocol on bioterrorism

Decisions under the Protocol can only be taken by Parties to the Protocol. WGLR At its first meeting MayMontreal, Canadathe Working Group heard presentations on scientific analysis and risk assessment, and state responsibility and international liability; and expanded options, approaches and issues for further consideration in elaborating international rules and procedures on liability and redress.

The Protocol addresses the safe transfer, handling and use of LMOs that may have an adverse effect on biodiversity, taking into account human health, with a specific focus on transboundary movements.

cartagena protocol on biosafety timeline

Commonly known as the precautionary principlePrinciple 15 states that "In order to protect the environment, the precautionary approach shall be widely applied by States according to their capabilities. At the date of entry into force, certain provisions took effect immediately, including: the obligation for prior notification of the first shipment to an importing country that is Party to the Protocol under the AIA procedure; the obligation for Parties to the Protocol to use the BCH; and the identification in the accompanying documentation of all shipments containing LMOs.

Risk assessment should be carried out on a case by case basis.

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The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety