An introduction to the many theories of career development
Investigative types like to observe and organize information.
Super theory of career development pdf
Carpenters, chefs and personal trainers all fit into the realistic personality type. John L. Using this type of career development theory, you must observe and participate in the work environment to adequately ascertain if it is the right fit for you. A person is influenced by what they see other people achieve and the actions they take. When you have the right skills and knowledge and believe in your ability to succeed, you tend to have a higher impact and greater success rate. Trait-based theories involve matching people to work environments. Roe broke careers into eight categories: Service. Holland developed his theory on the idea that career choice is based on personality.
Non-person-oriented jobs are more independent. Artistic people dislike structure and rules. COOs, personal finance planners and economists fit in the conventional personality type.
Since then, the study of career development has produced various theories and captured much public interest. Artistic types are independent but enjoy working with other people.
Career development models
This helps you define your action plan for setting a career path. For example, the American psychologist John Holland defined a system to classify jobs and work personalities. A person reduces the amount of work they do and prepares for retirement. Realistic types are interested in work that requires skill and strength. A person is influenced by factors around them that they cannot control. By using self-guided assessment tools found on sites such as the CareerOneStop website, you examine how your personality fits into certain careers. Learning and Cognitive Theories Social learning theories place an emphasis on self knowledge. In career development, social cognitive theory helps to explain how a person can set up their career development plan for success. Third, measure the personality traits of the individual against the traits of the job. Career Development theories come from four main areas of study: Differential psychology Sociology Developmental psychology Frank Parsons pioneered career development theory with the release of his trait and factor theory in the early s.
By capitalizing on these opportunities, you can better approach an unpredictable work environment. By understanding gender roles, social norms and other environmental and cultural factors, you can better guide your own career and advise others as well.
What is career development theory?
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